EU - Since the February 2022 invasion, Ukraine's five main military partners alone (US, Germany, UK, Poland, and the Netherlands) pledged more than 60 billion euros worth of weapons. Deliveries that punched deep holes in the ammunition stocks of NATO countries. The stockpiles remain empty.

To find out how this is possible, a collective of investigative journalists spoke with dozens of insiders over the past few months: diplomats who were present at crucial moments in Brussels’ back rooms, military personnel who gave early warnings of shortages, arms manufacturers who can no longer cope with the demand, and soldiers on the front lines in Ukraine - the men and women who have to fight despite the lack of sufficient weapons.

A reconstruction based on their experiences exposes the weaknesses in Europe's defense: a wait-and-see arms industry that refuses to take financial risks, national interests that frustrate quick decision-making, and a multitude of procedures and standards that get in the way of effective use of munitions.

This investigation was done by The Investigative Desk and Lighthouse Reports in cooperation with Delfi Estonia and The Kyiv Independent.

Team members

Lennart Hofman

Lennart Hofman is a Dutch investigative journalist.

Laurens Groeneveld

Laurens Groeneveld is an investigative journalist based in The Netherlands.

Oliver Kund

Oliver Kund is an investigative reporter for Delfi Estonia investigative team.

Anna Myroniuk

Anna Myroniuk is the head of investigations at the Kyiv Independent

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